Number of U.S. Alcohol-exposed Pregnancies and Births May Be Substantially Lower Than Previously Estimated

Pregnant woman wrestling with whether to take a drink

Approximately 731,000 women in the U.S. are at risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancies each month, according to a new estimate published by researchers at the University of California at San Francisco. Although this number still indicates cause for concern, the new estimate is much lower than the estimate of 3.3 million released in 2016 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Investigating How Cases Where State Laws Preempt Local Tobacco Laws Impact Adolescent Health

teen boys smoking

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at the end of last year 32 U.S. states had laws that preempted more stringent control of tobacco at the local level. A researcher at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health has received a $150,000 grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Policy for Action program to study the impacts of those preemption laws on adolescent health and health disparities.

Suggestions for How to Improve Oversight of Vaccine Medical Exemptions

A Viewpoint published today in JAMA Pediatrics discusses concerns about exploitable loopholes in state vaccination exemption policies. In it, Y. Tony Yang, ScD, LLM, MPH of the George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health and School of Nursing describes a recent high profile case in California. He and his coauthor, Ross D. Silverman, JD, MPH of the Indiana University Fairbanks School of Public Health outline more prevention-focused options for structuring and regulating medical and nonmedical vaccination exemption requests.

Ensuring the Stability and Continued Growth of Community Health Centers Should Be a Health Reform Priority, Sara Rosenbaum Argues

Professor Sara Rosenbaum In a commentary posted on Take Care, a major blog site that caters to the congressional and legal communities, Sara Rosenbaum explained why ensuring that nearly 1,400 community health centers don’t go “over the cliff” and lose 71 percent of their grant funding should be one of the health reform priorities in the upcoming Congress.

An Argument in Favor of Influenza Vaccine Mandates for Young Children

Young girl getting an immunization

In a Viewpoint published in JAMA Pediatrics, Y. Tony Yang, ScD, LLM, MPH makes a case for the value of influenza vaccine mandates for children between six months and five years of age, such as the one now in force in New York City (NYC) for children in city-regulated childcare and educational institutions.